If you’re not running your personal business today, do you propose to begin one inside the next three years
Whether an individual answers “yes” or “no” to this query depends a great deal on where she is found. In keeping with the 2012 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), a survey of nearly 200,000 adults in 69 nations, only 2 percent of individuals not currently running their very own businesses in Japan and Russia intend to start out one in the next three years. But 79 percent of non-entrepreneurs in Uganda intend to be in business for themselves within that point.
The large difference across countries within the fraction of the population that plans to begin a business inside the following couple of years raises the question: why
The GEM report and knowledge provide some tantalizing clues.
As the authors of the GEM report explain, a country’s economic development level matters. In poor countries, a far larger fraction of the non-entrepreneur population intends to begin businesses sooner or later. This pattern is in step with a controversy that I and others have made elsewhere. As countries get richer, the chance cost of beginning a business rises, reducing the fraction of the population that wishes to be self-employed.
While that argument might account for the much higher level of entrepreneurial intentions in Uganda than Japan, it doesn’t explain why 13 percent of non-entrepreneurs within the Country intend to begin businesses within the next three years, while only 2 percent in Japan do, or why the sort of small fraction of Russians plans to begin a business within the coming years.
The GEM report provides data on three characteristics that may also matter. The primary is the country’s current rate of entrepreneurial activity. Around the 69 countries inside the study, the present rate of latest firm formation and the share of non-entrepreneurs planning to begin a business inside the next three years are correlated at 0.84. Places that experience a high rate of start-up activity today also are places where more non-entrepreneurs intend to begin businesses tomorrow.
The second characteristic is entrepreneurial capabilities. Across countries, the extent of perceived start-up skills and non-entrepreneurs’ start-up plans are correlated 0.80. Places where people think they understand how to begin businesses also have a tendency to be places where people intend to start out companies.
The third characteristic is how favorably society views entrepreneurship as an occupation. Across countries, the correlation between the perception of entrepreneurship as “a good career choice” and the fraction of the non-entrepreneurial population that intends to begin businesses within the next three years is 0.69.
So what countries have the top fraction of folk wanting to begin businesses within the next three years
Poor countries with currently high rates of start-up activism whose residents are inclined to perceive their entrepreneurial capabilities as strong and who see entrepreneurship as a great career option.
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